Ocean pollution is a growing environmental issue that the world is facing. If you are not familiar with ocean pollution, take the time to familiarize yourself with this issue. Be sure to note the cause, as well as the effects of pollution. Ocean pollution happens when chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural waste, noise, the spread of invasive species, and residential waste are exposed to the ocean. Studies have found that most ocean pollution is as a result of land based pollution. Water pollution is not always intended to be input into the ocean, but it still happens.
1st One source of ocean pollution is as result of Nonpoint Source Pollution (NPS). The pollution occurs because of the water flow runoff that occurs when soil has composed the maximum capacity of water, causing wind-borne debris to be blown out to sea. Ocean pollution will often result because of the waste that is pushed into the ocean due to the overflow of, most commonly, rain and melted snow.
2nd Many times what happens after this ocean pollution occurs is that sea animals such as benthos and plankton consume this food. As you can imagine, this pollution is very dangerous because it harms the animals that we could use to potentially feed upon. What happens, as a result, is that the pollution float upwards. At the top end of the water is the top of the food chain for sea food lovers. So, this poses the risk that the pollution will effect a significant part of the food chain.
3rd From there, this can cause ocean pollution to be a factor in the amount of oxygen in the water. The chemicals that are input into the water as a result of the pollution are being mixed. Oftentimes, this is in a manner that will allow the water to loose a great deal of oxygen because of the concentration that has occurred. Pollution of this sort will largely effect the estuaries. It can also lead to the death, and ultimately, as well as the extinction of many aquatic species.
4th The toxins that is often associated with ocean pollution can also lead to disease. The harmful contents that the ocean animals breathe and eat can be deadly. There is also the possibility that the diseases can be spread within a particular aquatic specie, and then beyond, to other forms of aquatic life. As you very well know, from there the disease can be passed on through food consumption to humans. In addition, there are some diseases that can be formed, although not as frequent, from human exposure to water. From there, this pollution can cause it to be passed around to other human beings. It is necessary that we avoid this at all costs.